Addressing the Challenge of Protecting Fundamental Rights Through AI Regulation in the European Union


In the face of current technological developments and the uptake in use of opaque algorithmic systems, democracy requires to strengthen the rule of law wherever public or private actors use algorithmic systems. The law must set out the requirements on AI systems’ creation, documentation and use that are necessary in a democratic society and organize appropriate accountability and oversight. To this end, the European Commission made several legislative proposals that are put in context to one another in this article.

About the Author

Eike Graef is a Policy Officer in the Digital Services Unit of the Directorate-General for Communications Networks, Content and Technology of the European Commission. Paul Nemitz is Principal Advisor for the Digital Transition in the Directorate General for Justice and Consumer Protection of the European Commission. The authors express their personal opinion and not necessarily that of the European Commission.